Flower bulbs we plant in autumn
Flower bulbs are plants that have special organs, modified shoots or roots, to store nutrients and grow again each year. These special organs can be referred to as “bulbs” and plants as “bulbous plants”, but they are divided into bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, fleshy roots and trunks depending on their shape and mode of operation. The flower shop “LAURA SPRING FLOWERS, LAURETA S. DOGA” in the center of Athens
The bulbous flowers that are planted in the autumn season, are also called “winter”, as they give us their flowering in late winter and in spring, while respectively the bulbous flowers that are planted in spring and give their flowering in summer and mid in autumn they are called summer. Winter bulbous flowers have a significant ornamental value and at the same time do not need special care to grow. In other words, it is easy to plant autumn bulbs in a flower bed in the garden and in a pot on the balcony.
In many cases, the bulbs can be grown in water, using special jars.
What care do autumn planting bulbs need?
Autumn bulbs are planted in sunny or semi-shady places and, usually, in sheltered places, as their flowers are sensitive to strong winds. To plant autumn bulbs on a balcony, we choose places on a balcony facing south or west. Avoid excessive watering during planting, because there is a risk that the bulbs will rot, while during the flowering period we usually water twice a week. We apply complete granular fertilizer during the planting of the bulbs, while during the period of flowering shoots, we add water-soluble or liquid flowering fertilizer every 2 weeks.
Although autumn bulbs are relatively resistant to diseases and insects, it is advisable to spray with a solution of grated green soap to deal with the insect of meligra and thrips as well as the nightshade that infects the foliage and flowers. Also, to avoid rotting of the bulbs from fungal diseases, after planting, water the root with a solution of blue stone (copper sulfate), dissolving 1 teaspoon in a liter of water.
What are the flower bulbs we plant in the fall? There are many types and varieties of autumn bulbs to choose from with different flower shapes and countless color combinations, while some of them have their own unique scent.
1. Amaryllis, the majestic flower
We start with the amaryllis, the most impressive of the bulbous flowers that we plant in the autumn season with the huge colorful flowers. There are many varieties of amaryllis planted in flower beds in the garden and in pots on the balcony. It can also be grown without soil and grown in water using a special jar with a narrow mouth to place its bulb.
The countless color combinations of amaryllis flowers are based on white, red, orange, yellow and pink with beautiful two-tone colors that have characteristic streaks. There is also the wild amaryllis with the pink flowers that we find in the yards of our grandparents, the famous belladonna, which is planted in spring and blooms in late summer.
2. Freesias, beautiful flowers and wonderful aroma
We continue our list with freesia, one of the most popular autumn bulbs that gives its wonderful flowering in late winter and early spring. Beautiful flowers with a special aroma in shades of red, purple, pink, yellow, fuchsia and white, an excellent choice for flowers in a vase, as they last for a long time. The freesia bulb is planted at a depth of at least 5 cm in the soil with the “muzzle” of the bulb facing up and at distances of 5-10 cm between each freesia bulb.
It is necessary to procure wooden straws to support the flowering shoots of freesia, especially in places where strong winds prevail. The freesia needs support, as the number of flowers it forms has enough weight that makes our plant tilt.
3. Tulip, a symbol of love
The tulip is one of the most beautiful and impressive bulbous flowers that we plant in the garden in autumn. We can of course plant tulips in pots, while we meet it even wild to make its appearance in the mountains of our country during the spring. There are tulips in different shapes and sizes with countless color combinations to choose from, with double petals and more complex flowers. Tulips are also very popular in florists, where their flowers come from special varieties grown in greenhouses to produce cut flowers.
The tulip is an excellent choice for decorating flowers in a vase, as with proper care its flowers are kept in very good condition for up to 10 days.
4. Anemone, the flower of the winds
Another beautiful bulbous flower that we admire as wild in the countryside in late winter and often found planted in gardens and pots is the anemone. The anemone tuber is planted in the autumn period and blooms in early spring, giving us wonderful colorful flowers. There are many varieties of anemones in different shapes, sizes and colors, with large single flowers that look like poppies in red, blue, pink, purple and white or with characteristic double flowers.
Particularly popular is the Greek variety of anemone that makes numerous small flowers in blue color reminiscent of daisies, while there are special varieties of anemone that are grown for their cut flowers and sold in bouquets in flower shops. We plant the anemone tubers at a depth of about 3-4 cm and at distances of 15-20 cm between them. In order for them to germinate faster, before planting, make sure to place the anemone tubers in the water for 1-2 hours.
5. Hyacinth, the traditional hyacinths
Who has not smelled the intense intoxicating aroma of hyacinth flowers, one of the most beautiful bulbous autumn flowers that we find in flower beds, gardens and balconies. There are many varieties of hyacinth in a wide range of colors from pink, light blue, orange, yellow, red to white. And of course, the special dicento, a very aromatic variety of hyacinth with white flowers that is cultivated in the Ionian Islands and Aegean islands.
So we plant the bulb at a depth of about 8-12 cm, in the soil, making sure that the tip (eye) of the bulb is upwards. We place the hyacinth bulbs at distances between 15-20 cm for planting, so that we have better growth and flowering.
6. Narcissus, the fragrant zambaki
The wonderful range of autumn bulbs continues with the narcissus that blooms in late winter or mid-spring. The narcissus has a rich bloom with beautiful flowers in the shape of a trumpet, which emerge on slender stems through the oblong leaves. We find it in a wide variety of colors from white, white-yellow, yellow-orange, reddish to pink. Narcissus has many different species and varieties. In Greece, there are several species, but the most famous is the zambaki or tsambaki which in the region of Crete is called manousaki.
It reaches a height of 30-40 cm, and forms a group of about 10 white flowers with yellow in the center. A well-known species of narcissus is the poetic narcissus, about 40 cm tall, which forms a single white flower with a reddish center, as well as the late narcissus with a height of about 20 cm and with small white flowers. Very popular species from abroad are the aromatic narcissus with yellow flowers and the multi-flowered narcissus with many small white flowers. The narcissus bulb is planted at a depth of about 10 cm and at distances of about 10-15 cm between the bulbs.
And a secret for the bulbs that we plant in the autumn season
As soon as the flowers of the autumn bulbs dry in late spring, we stop watering and remove the bulbs from the soil as soon as the leaves are dry. After we clean them, and let them dry, we store them in a dry place in cardboard boxes to keep them until the next autumn when we will replant them.
We, at Laura Flowers know that creating a composition, bouquet or any product is a matter of experience and attention to detail. For this very reason, every gift is prepared by our experienced florists and delivered on time, even the same day, beautifully and neatly, without the slightest risk of the flowers being damaged or withered during transport.